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神与色的长廊—130—Albrecht Altdorfer  

2014-08-05 07:26:41|  分类: 神与色的长廊 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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神与色的长廊—130—Albrecht Altdorfer - 菩提醉的绘画艺术博客 - 菩提醉BODHIINTOXICATION
 
神与色的长廊—130—Albrecht Altdorfer - 菩提醉的绘画艺术博客 - 菩提醉BODHIINTOXICATION
 Albrecht Altdorfer (1480-1538) was a German painter, engraver, architect and leading member of the "Danube School" of German painting. His most outstanding works are biblical and historical subjects set against highly imaginative and atmospheric landscape backgrounds.

Nothing is known about the painter’s training and early beginnings. There is evidence that since 1505 he lived in Regensburg, where he bought property in 1513. In 1510 Altdorfer traveled in the Alpine countries. It seems highly probable that he also went to Italy; the ‘Italian influence’ could be sensed in his brilliant handling of spatial construction in the St. Florian Passion altar panels (after 1510). His election to the town council in 1519 and to the inner council in 1526 shows his good standing in Regensburg. It is also known that he served as civic architect, though there is no information about his architectural work. It is possible that he was involved in the design of the pilgrim church Zur Schonen Madonna (now the new Neupfarrkirche) at Regensburg.

Altdorfer was one of the most talented painters in the whole of German art. He achieved, through his color modulation, completely new ways of expression directed at the emotions. His tendency towards the ‘romantic’ is particularly obvious in his landscapes. He was the first European artist to paint a ‘pure’ landscape, and in many of his other paintings figure and landscape merge in such a way that the scenic becomes the background, St. George (1510). He was also the first to paint a major battle picture Alexander's Victory (The Battle at the Issus) (1529). In his later works Altdorfer moved towards Mannerism. He was also a pioneer of copper etching.

The artist died in 1538.

Albrecht Altdorfer (c. 1480 near Regensburg – February 12, 1538 in Regensburg) was a German painter, printmaker and architect of the Renaissance era, the leader of the Danube School in southern Germany, and a near-contemporary of Albrecht Dürer. He is best known as a significant pioneer of landscape in art. He most often painted religious scenes, but is mainly famous as the first frequent painter of pure landscape, and also compositions dominated by their landscape. Taking and developing the landscape style of Lucas Cranach the Elder, he shows the hilly landscape of the Danube valley with thick forests of drooping and crumbling firs and larches hung with moss, and often dramatic colouring from a rising or setting sun. His Landscape with footbridge (National Gallery, London) of 1518-20 is claimed to be the first pure landscape in oil. He also made many fine finished drawings, mostly landscapes, in pen and watercolour. His best religious scenes are intense, sometimes verging on the expressionistic, and often depict moments of intimacy between Christ and his mother, or others. His most famous religious artwork is the The Legend of St. Sebastian and the Passion of Christ that decorated the altar in the St. Florian monastery in Linz, Austria. He often distorts perspective to subtle effect. His donor figures are often painted completely out of scale with the main scene, as in paintings of the previous centuries. He also painted some portraits; overall his painted oeuvre was not large. His rather atypical Battle of Issus (or of Alexander) of 1529 was commissioned by William IV, Duke of Bavaria as one of a suite by various artists. It is his most famous, and certainly one of his best works. He renounced the office of Major of Regensburg to accept the commission. Few of his other paintings resemble this apocalyptic scene of two huge armies dominated by an extravagant landscape seen from a very high viewpoint, which looks south over the whole Mediterranean from modern Turkey to include the island of Cyprus and the mouths of the Nile and the Red Sea (behind the isthmus to the left) on the other side. However his style here is a development of that of a number of miniatures of battle-scenes he had done much earlier for Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor in his illuminated manuscript Triumphal Procession in 1512-14. The Battle is now in the Alte Pinakothek, which has the best collection of Altdorfer's paintings, including also his small St George and the Dragon,(1510) in oil on parchment, where the saint and the dragon are small figures almost submerged in the dense forest that towers over them. A Susanna and the Elders (1526) set outside an Italianate skyscraper of a palace shows his interest in architecture. Another small oil on parchment, Danube Landscape with Castle W?rth (c 1520) is one of the earliest accurate topographical paintings of a particular building in its setting, of a type that was to become a cliché in later centuries. He was a significant printmaker with numerous engravings and about ninety-three woodcuts. These included some for the Triumphs of Maximilian, where he followed the overall style presumably set by Hans Burgkmair, although he was able to escape somewhat from this in his depictions of the more disorderly baggage-train, still coming through a mountain landscape. However most of his best prints are etchings, many of landscapes; in these he was able most easily to use his drawing style. He was one of the most successful early etchers, and was unusual for his generation of German printmakers in doing no book illustrations. He often combined etching and engraving techniques in a single plate, and produced about 122 intaglio prints altogether. He was a member of the ruling town council in Regensburg for many years, as well as the city architect and worked on improving the city walls. He presumably participated in the Council's decision to expel the city's Jewish community in 1519 , as well as making two famous etchings of the synagogue just before it was destroyed after the expulsion, to be replaced with a church, which Altdorfer designed, at least in part. Source: Wikipedia

Bibliography: 
Altdorfer. by I. Velchinskaya. Moscow. 1977. (in Russian) 
Albrecht Altdorfer. by J. Kirshbaum. K?ln. 1978. 
Painting of Europe. XIII-XX centuries. Encyclopedic Dictionary. Iskusstvo. Moscow. 1999. (In Russian) 
Albrecht Altdorfer: The St. Florian Passion Alter by Edwin Maria Landau. Periodicals Service Co, 1983. 
Albrecht Altdorfer and the Origins of Landscape by Christopher S. Wood. REAKTION BOOKS, 1993. 
 

阿尔特多费尔(Altdorfer,Albrecht)(约1480~1538)

    德国画家,建筑师。生于雷根斯堡,1538年2月12日卒于同地。曾在家乡当过建筑总监。作品多描绘景物,是西方早期风景画家之一。作品《圣乔治》虽取材于宗教传说中圣乔治杀妖龙故事,但人物在画面上仅占不到1/6的面积,完全淹没在一片森林之中。现存作品除数幅《多瑙河风景》外,最杰出的是《基督受刑》、《亚历山大之战》。后者表现亚历山大与波斯王大流士三世决战情景,从空中鸟瞰战场全貌,万马奔腾,场面浩大。

Albrecht Altdorfer 阿尔布雷希特·阿尔特多费 德国画家

阿尔布雷希特·阿尔特多费(英语:Albrecht Altdorfer),(1480年-1538年),文艺复兴时期欧洲德国画家、建筑师。他一生大部分时间在其家乡雷根斯堡度过的。风景画是他的专长,在这方面,他既受到北方艺术家也受到南方艺术家的影响。

 

这家伙也忒老了,呸呸,掌嘴,小生知错了,有怪莫怪,小孩不懂事哈!

 

昨天因某些不可抗力停更一天,抱歉啦~~

 

Albrecht Altdorfer 阿尔布雷希特·阿尔特多费 德国画家

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